Old Havana, which for centuries was inside the walled part of the city, was founded in late 1519 at the port Carenas. A constant victim of attacks by pirates, corsairs and enemies of the Spanish Crown, the village of San CristÃ³bal de La Habana had to be fortified with a powerful defense system, some of whose major fortresses, such as the Castle of the Royal Force, the Tres Reyes del Morro Castle and the Fortress of San Carlos de la CabaÃ±a still preserve their original elegance. UNESCO declared Old Havana and its System of Colonial Fortifications Humankind's Cultural Heritage in 1982. The magnitude of the restoration works that have been done there since the 1970s makes it advisable for travelers to follow routes so as not to miss any of its attractions. Above all, do not miss the 9 o'clock cannon shot, with its colonial-style ceremony.
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La Habana Vieja
Declared a part of world heritage in 1982, Old Havana contains one of the most eclectic architectural groupings in the New World-in which the Mudejar, Gothic, baroque and neoclassical are represented.
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